The Polkas and the Guaranias are the most popular music styles of Paraguayan folklore.
The Guarania, is a popular musical genre, with compositions generally in smaller scale. It was created in Paraguay by the musician José Asunción Flores in 1925. The name was proposed by Flores himself after reading the poem “Canto a la raza” (1910) by Guillermo Molinas Rolón, in which the new term is used as an allusion to the region where the Guarani lived (ancestors of the majority of Paraguayans). The Guaranias have slow and romantic rhythms.
The Polka, with its steps of short and fast waltzes has nothing in common with the European polka. Paraguayan music relies heavily on two instruments: the guitar and the harp, whose first instruments were brought by the conquerors who found their own style in the country.
The Paraguayan dance made its way on a strong Spanish heritage. The Polka dance, known as the typical rhythm of Paraguay, was born in the footsteps of the European polka brought by the colonizers. Among the traditional dances, the Santa Fe, La Galopera, and the Dance of the Bottle are the favorites.